P1 Semester Report Electronic EngineeringBitahwa Bindu
To fulfill the requirements of the national diploma in Electrical Engineering or Computer Systems, the student must successfully complete all academic requirements as well as the work integrated learning (P1 for 6 month and P2 for 6 month) component.
This sample 1 is for a student in Electronic Security Industry, but it can be used for other industries as well, this is just a template.
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On the orientation day, the policies, visions and mission of the company were discussed and the different type of fields that the company operates in. The type of job, the requirement from each trainee was also discussed. The introduction to colleagues, different sites that the company operates at and the company’s safety procedure were discussed.
1.1. COMPANY’S SAFETY PROCEDURE IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
Process to follow in case of emergency:
- Stop all work immediately.
- Notify the site manager to report the incident.
- The site manager must then notify the contract’s manager.
- All work must come to a halt immediately until the project manager or the contract manager gives the go ahead.
- This can only take place after the incident has been thoroughly investigated.
- All incidents must be documented.
Safety job procedure:
- Inform the client that our company is about to work on their property.
- Plan the work that has to be done Do risk assessments and identify potential hazards.
- Do site inspection once the job is complete.
Emergency plans in case of electrocution:
- Site manager to be informed as soon as possible regarding the location,
- Isolate the machinery,
- Switch of the power and ensure the patient is not in contact with live wires,
- Make sure the first-aider is on site.
- The first-aider must assist in stabilizing the patient and assess the extent of the patient’s injuries.
- The site manager is then to contact the necessary emergency services.
- The site manager is then to report the incident to the general manager.
- The general manager is to report the incident to the client.
- The client and our company will conduct their own investigations.
2. SAFETY AND FIRST AID
Every person working on a project is responsible for preventing injury to him and others. Every one has to follow all company safety rules as advised and published from time to time. Anyone who does not obey safety rules, instructions and signs is liable to be taken off the site and may be dismissed.
High wall Safety:
- Loose rocks near a high wall or against a high wall to be removed.
- Visually check stability of a high wall face regularly
- Hard hats and safety boots are to be worn at all times.
- No unnecessary work near a high wall.
Do not wear:
- Loose or worn clothing
- Loose chain
- Loose shoelaces
- Suitable protective clothing
- Approved safety shoes or boots in demarcated areas
- Hard hats outside offices in demarcated areas
- Gumboots when working in wet concrete or mud.
Also wear proper eye protection:
- In very dusty areas
- Where notices say eye protection must be worn
- In any other places where your eyes could be injured.
Use gloves, aprons or other special clothing when handling:
- Rough material
- Hot or cold objects
Wear ear protection whenever notices say you are in an ear protection area.
Wear respirators when in a very dusty area and use special safety equipment when required.
When carrying or lifting something, make sure:
- You bend your knees and keep your back nearly straight when lifting
- You get help with heavy or bulky materials
- There is a clear path to where you want to go before starting the lift
When using a ladder:
- Use both hands when climbing
- Make sure the ladder is sturdy and the right length
- Make sure the ladder is secure at the top and at the bottom
Before starting machinery:
- Make sure that all guards are in place
- Check the safety of other persons
Before repairing or adjusting machinery STOP and lock out the machine. DO NOT work on a machine while it is operational.
No one must operate any equipment unless he/she is qualified and authorized to do so
Know where the nearest fire extinguishers are and how to use them.
Keep portable heating equipment in buildings away from combustible materials.
Do not work on electrical equipment until it has been made safe by a qualified person.
Do not use electrical power tools or equipment while standing in water.
Keep your working area clean and safe by:
- Regularly sweeping up shavings, dust, scraps or oil spills.
- Putting refuse in the bins provided
- Not blocking fire exit or traffic lanes with tools or equipment.
Make sure the cords of electrical tools are in good condition.
Do not use metal ladders or wear meal hats near high voltage electricity.
All operators/drivers must have a valid license.
While on construction site you must:
- Not bring alcohol, consume alcohol or partake of prohibited substance.
- Not make practical jokes, horse play or fight.
- Not be in possession of fire arms
- Not use abusive language
- Not create fire hazards
- Not commit a criminal offence.
- Not bring in animals.
2.2. FIRST AID
Legislation requires an employer to protect an employee’s health and safety under the Occupational Health and Safety. First aid is based on proven techniques of treatment in the event of a sudden injury or illness. The first-aider renders the correct treatment with whatever materials are available at the time and aims to stabilize the casualty until medical help becomes available.
2.2.1. LEGAL ASPECT OF FIRST AID
- Never apply first aid other that what you have been trained for.
- Your treatment must match your competency and level of training
- Always ask your casualty’s consent before starting treatment
- If the casualty is a minor or mentally ill, permission to treat must be given either by the parents, guardian or a member of the family. But this may be overruled in an emergency situation where the child’s life depends on quick action.
- Where there is no time to explain and get consent, or the casualty is unable to talk due to head injury or is unconscious, implied consent is used (you do not need to ask for consent).
2.2.2. ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION (AR) AND CPR
Artificial Respiration (mouth to mouth ventilation) is when one blows air from his own lungs into the lungs of someone who is unable to breathe air himself.
Direct method of AR:
- Check safety of the scene. Try to talk to the casualty, if no response, attract some one’s attention to assist you.
- Open air way, look, listen and feel for the breath.
- Check carotid pulse (at the neck)
- If no breathing and pulse, get some one to call for an ambulance.
- Ventilate twice: make a good seal and make sure the chest rises with each breath
- Find a correct land mark for chest compression. Compress hard and fast 30 times.
- Ventilate twice again. Start procedure again.
- After two cycles, check the pulse and breathing again.
- If there is a pulse but no breathing, continue ventilation at a rate of one ventilation every 5th second until casualty start s to breath by himself/herself.
2.2.3. TREATMENT FOR WOUNDS
- Wear gloves
- Bleeding can be stopped by using direct pressure on the wound itself.
- In severe cases, indirect pressure can be used to stop bleeding.
- If casualty shows sign of shock, and injuries permit, lays him on his back and raise the legs about 30cm to facilitate blood flow to the vital organs.
- Place a clean dressing on the wound to cover the edges of the wound.
- Secure the dressing with a bandage to cover the edges of the dressing.