Tag archives for MPLAB Code Configurator
This is a Getting Started with MPLAB X IDE and XC8 compiler tutorial. MPLAB® X IDE is the new Microchip IDE and it runs on a PC with Windows®, Mac OS® or Linux® to develop applications for PIC microcontrollers and replaces all MPLAB® C and HI-TECH compilers. XC8 is the new C compiler for PIC10, PIC12, PIC14, PIC16 and PIC18 microcontrollers. Learn how to start a new project with MPLAB X IDE, configure your PIC fuses and oscillator, write a simple Blink LED code and simulate the code with Proteus.
LCDs are alphanumeric (or graphical) displays, which are frequently used in microcontroller based applications which require some information to be displayed to the user. There are many devices in the market which come in different shapes and sizes. Some LCDs have 40 or more character lengths with the capability to display several lines. Some other LCD displays can be programmed to display graphic images. Some modules offer color displays, while some others incorporate back lighting so that they can be viewed in dimly lit conditions. In this tutorial we will learn how to connect an LCD to any PORT of a microcontroller, display characters and send commands to LCD using lcd library with MPLAB Code Configurator and PIC18F Peripheral Libraries.
Analog to Digital converters allow analog continuous voltages to be converted into a discreet digital numbers inside the PIC as the PIC can only process digital numbers. This can enable a PIC to be connected to analog sensors such as temperature sensors, pressure sensors, humidity sensors, optical sensors, and power sensors. Any sensor which can generate a voltage between 0V and a maximum 5V can be used. If the output voltage is higher than 5V, a method to step it down should be used such as a voltage divider with resistors.
RS232 serial communication is one of the oldest communication where data is sent or received one bit at a time. This protocol can easily be used to communicate between a PC and various devices supporting this type of protocol like PIC microcontrollers, GPS, GSM modem etc. While other interfaces like Ethernet, FireWire, and USB all send data as a serial stream, the term "serial port" usually identifies hardware more or less compliant to the RS-232 standard, intended to interface with a modem or with a similar communication device. The Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) controller is the key component of the serial communications between a device and a PC or between devices. UART is also a common integrated feature in most microcontrollers today which is useful for communicating serial data (text, numbers, etc.) to your PC. In this article we're going to learn how to use the RS232 communication with MPLAB XC8 Compiler using the PIC18F Peripheral Library and MPLAB Code Configurator.
The I²C or Inter-Integrated Circuit is a serial communication and allows multiple devices to communicate with a micocontroller(s) over only two wires. The devices don't have to be identical as long as they support I²C protocol. In our illustration, the first device with address 1 is a digital temperature sensor, the second one is a real time clock and the third one is a serial LCD display and the bus could carry on even more devices. Communication takes place from the master (PIC) to the individual selected slave only as shown in this illustration. Configuration with PIC18F Peripheral Libraries and MPLAB Code Configurator are discussed in this article
The SPI or Serial Peripheral Interface is a synchronous serial communication and allows multiple devices to communicate with a micocontroller(s). There are many devices that support the SPI protocol and can easily communicate with a microcontroller via SPI: A/D converters, D/A converters, SD Cards, DS1306 Real Time Clocks, MAX7219 serial display drivers, 25LC256 Serial EEPROM, etc. The devices don't have to be identical as long as they support SPI protocol. In this article we are going to configure the SPI Peripheral with MPLAB Code Configurator and PIC18F Peripheral Library.
Pulse width modulation (PWM) is a technique of controlling the amount of power delivered to an electronic load by switching ON and OFF a digital signal. This is the simplest technique that can be used to produce analog voltages from a digital one. The fraction of the period for which the signal is ON to the total period is known as the duty cycle. The average DC value of the signal can be varied by varying the duty cycle. The duty cycle can be anywhere between 0 (signal is always off) to 1 (signal is constantly on). Suppose, if the signal has +5 V while it is ON and 0 V during OFF condition, then by changing the duty cycle of the signal, the amount of energy transferred to device can be varied. This method is commonly used for controlling speeds of DC motors, brightness of lamps, Sine wave inverters, Digital to Analog Converter (DAC) etc.
The DS1307 is a low power serial real time clock/calender with full binary coded decimal (BCD) clock/calendar plus 56 bytes of Non Volatile Static RAM. The RTC provides year, month, date, hour, minute and second information. The end date of months is automatically adjusted for months fewer than 31 days including leap year compensation up to year 2100. It can operate either in 24-hour format or 12-hour format with AM/PM indicator. Data and Address are transferred serially through a bidirectional I2C bus. DS1307 comes with built-in power sensing circuit which senses power failures and automatically switches to back up supply. Timekeeping operation continues while the part operates from the backup supply. The DS1307 RTC uses an external 32.768kHz Crystal Oscillator and it does not requires any external resistors or capacitors to operate.
Interrupts are one of the most powerful features of PIC Microcontrollers, interrupts make it possible to create applications that can respond to external stimulus in real time. An interrupt is basically an event that requires the microcontroller to stop normal program execution and then to jump to execute a program code related to the event causing the interrupt. An interrupt requires immediate attention, only once the microcontroller will finish executing the interrupt code, then it can go back to continue with the main program. The interrupt code is called Interrupt Service Routine (ISR) or Interrupt Handler. In this article we're gonna learn how to implement Interrupts using Interrupt registers and with MPLAB Code Configurator.